2018 Baumgardt et al.

2018 Baumgardt et al.

The essential nature of YqfG, a YbeY homologue required for 3' maturation of Bacillus subtilis 16S ribosomal RNA is suppressed by deletion of RNase R.
Baumgardt et al., Nucl Acids Res 2018


Ribosomal RNAs are processed from primary transcripts containing 16S, 23S and 5S rRNAs in most bacteria. Maturation generally occurs in a two-step process, consisting of a first crude separation of the major species by RNase III during transcription, followed by precise trimming of 5′ and 3′ extensions on each species upon accurate completion of subunit assembly. The various endo- and exoribonucleases involved in the final processing reactions are strikingly different in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, the two best studied representatives of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively. Here, we show that the one exception to this rule is the protein involved in the maturation of the 3′ end of 16S rRNA. Cells depleted for the essential B. subtilis YqfG protein, a homologue of E. coli YbeY, specifically accumulate 16S rRNA precursors bearing 3′ extensions. Remarkably, the essential nature of YqfG can be suppressed by deleting the ribosomal RNA degrading enzyme RNase R, i.e. a ΔyqfG Δrnr mutant is viable. Our data suggest that 70S ribosomes containing 30S subunits with 3′ extensions of 16S rRNA are functional to a degree, but become substrates for degradation by RNase R and are eliminated.

Publié le : 22/09/2018

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